10 apr. The plants in our home
In the permanent wet soil of the flowers and in the aquatic crops, allergens can develop quickly. Dust flies feed on vegetal remains and cause allergies. And the plants themselves can cause allergies. Symptoms may appear in the mucous membranes of the airway, in the conjunctiva of the eyes or cutaneous eczema. Touching plants is not required to trigger symptoms. Allergens can also be transmitted by air.
Flowering plants can cause problems due to pollen, but green plants are not harmless either. Ficus benjamini, Ficus lyrata (fake fig or ficus-lir) and Ficus elastica (rubber ficus) are flat plants that trigger the most common allergies. From the surface of the leaves, their sap comes to adhere to the dust particles and circulates freely through the room air.
Cross-allergic reactions to papaya, banana, fig and kiwi are known. An enzyme obtained from papaya-papaina is used in the food industry as a meat-curing agent, but can cause allergies. Other ornamental apartment plants described as triggering factors for allergies include Chinese rose (Hibiscus rosa sinensis), yucca (Yucca aloifolia), Chamaedorea elegans, Dieffenbachia and other species, ), Poinsettia (Schlumbergera) and the telegraph plant (Tradescantia).
There are also plants that can cause contact allergic reactions when touched, such as Inca Lily (Alstroemeria) and primula (Primula obconica). Such species should not be kept in the house.